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This Day in History

Australian History

Friday, April 16, 1920. :   The South Australian city of Hummock's Hill is proclaimed Whyalla.

     Whyalla is the third largest city in South Australia, with a population of about 23,000. It sits on the eastern coast of Eyre Peninsula, at the head of Spencer Gulf.

Whyalla was originally founded as Hummock's Hill in 1901 by the Broken Hill Proprietary Company (BHP). Initially constituting a jetty for conveying iron ore, and a cluster of shelters around the jetty, the settlement served an important function, being the end of a tramway bringing iron ore from the Middleback Ranges to be used in the lead smelters at Port Pirie. The first Post Office was opened shortly afterwards that year, and in 1905 the Hummock Hill school opened. Although strategically positioned for the transportation and movement of iron ore, the dry location necessitated importing water in barges from Port Pirie.

On 1 November 1919, the town's Post office was renamed as the Whyalla Post office. On 16 April 1920, the town was officially proclaimed as Whyalla.

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